Since early 2014, the FGS Ministry of Interior and Federalism established a “Stabilization Strategy for Newly Accessible Areas” in an attempt to better coordinate donor efforts in the recovery effort. The SFF projects component was originally established as a project financed by the Government of Norway as an important signal that the FGS has an ability to design, procure and implement small ‘investment’ projects of value to local communities. To this end, Norway allocated in late 2012 some US$10 million for small projects to be implemented through the TIU under the Ministry of Finance, in part due to the focus on procurement and inter-governmental fiscal relations, and in part because the SFF originally also included a recurrent costs window, which has also subsequently come under the financing envelope the MPF. The MPF will similarly takeover the financing of the SFF Projects Window to further the stabilization and development objectives of the original project.
Urban development has emerged as a strategic priority across the Somali territories. The Somali Compact and the Somaliland Special Arrangement prioritize the enhancement of productivity through rehabilitation of critical infrastructure including roads and water. Infrastructure and public works were priorities in the FGS 2014 Work Plan. The Somaliland National Development Plan prioritizes support to the Hargeisa Water Agency to increase water production and distribution and emphasizes the importance of decentralized, accountable service delivery. The Puntland 5-Year Development Plan reiterates commitments to decentralized service delivery and road infrastructure investments.
The World Bank has initiated the preparation of two complementary urban operations under the MPF, the SUIPP and the Somalia Urban Development Project (SUDP). The former will support two basic types of activities that will be implemented under the latter:
• Feasibility and preliminary design studies for the physical investments that will supported by the SUDP and other urban development projects, and institutional assessments of the agencies that will execute these investments to provide an informational and analytic base for the preparation of institutional strengthening activities that will be supported by the SUDP.
• Provision of technical assistance to enhance the capacity of the Somali executing agencies to prepare and implement urban development projects, such as the SUDP, effectively and efficiently and to mitigate fiduciary and safeguards risk. These activities will be client executed.
In response to the Somali Compact (P. 8): Priority 1: Enhance the productivity of high priority sectors and related value chains, including through the rehabilitation and expansion of critical infrastructure for transport, market access, trade, and energy, the World Bank has developed a Somalia Power Sector Development support program to provide building blocks for larger investments by public and private sectors.
The Somalia Power Sector Development support work comprises three small investments (components) which provide building blocks for larger investments by public and private sectors. The follow on component will be expected to include investment projects for the 3 identified cities (generation, sub-transmission and distribution), a human resource development plan for the energy sector, further policy development and support to the development of regulations and laws, renewable energy resource mapping (solar), a utility development and improvement program, Lighting Africa Somalia project and an off-grid / mini-grid program.
Component 3: Renewable Energy Resource Mapping (Wind)